Endurance training was conducted on a group of 41 East Indian boys aged 10-14 years and was compared with 25 untrained boys of the same age. A continuous slow-running method was adopted for 12 weeks. The intensity of the training was 80-85% of maximum heart rate and frequency was 3 days per week. The boys were trained for a 1500-m event and therefore they covered three to five times their racing distance. For psychological reasons the training was carried out in a playground. The investigations included different physical and motor fitness tests: measurement of flexibility, agility, speed, leg muscle strength etc. Their performance times were also recorded before and after training. From statistical analysis we concluded that this particular type of training programme did not produce any detrimental effects on 10-14-year-old boys. On the other hand, this type of training did have some influence on improving physiological parameters in this age group of boys when compared with untrained boys of the same age.