East African running dominance revisited: a role for stereotype threat?
- Correspondence to: Dr Baker School of Physical and Health Education, Queen’s University, Kingston K7L 3N6, Canada;
- Accepted 2 December 2002
Regardless of the possible existence of physiological advantages in East African runners, belief that such differences exist creates a psychological atmosphere that can have significant consequences on performance. This is known as stereotype threat and can feature in many sports.