In November 2001, the 1st International Symposium on Concussion in Sport was held in Vienna, Austria to provide recommendations for the improvement of safety and health of athletes who suffer concussive injuries in ice hockey, football (soccer), and other sports. The 2nd International Symposium on Concussion in Sport was organised by the same group and held in Prague, Czech Republic in November 2004. It resulted in a revision and update of the Vienna consensus recommendations, which are presented here.
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Competing interests: Dr Lovell is a shareholder of ImPACT, a neuropsychological testing programme. No other author has any declared conflict of interest or concussion industry affiliation.
This article will also be published in the April 2005 issues of the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, Physician and Sportsmedicine, and Neurosurgery.
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