Br J Sports Med 39:254-263 doi:10.1136/bjsm.2004.013128
  • Review

Craniomaxillofacial injury in sport: a review of prevention research

  1. P S Echlin1,
  2. R E G Upshur2,
  3. D M Peck1,
  4. E N Skopelja3
  1. 1Providence Hospital, Athletic Medicine, Farmington Hills, MI, USA
  2. 2University of Toronto, Toronto, Ottawa, Canada
  3. 3Indiana University Medical Library, Indianopolis, IN, USA
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Echlin
 Providence Hospital, Athletic Medicine, 47601 Grand River Avenue, Suite 101, Farmington Hills, MI 48374, USA;
  • Accepted 21 December 2004


Current decision making in prevention of sport related craniomaxillofacial injury is based on available data derived from surveillance and attitude based studies. The literature on this type of injury prevention lacks the high quality scientific design and evidence on which mandatory interventions can be based. Currently available prevention methodology can provide a better understanding of injury mechanisms and produce valid interventions.


  • REGU is supported by a New Investigator Award from the Canadian Institute of Health Research and a Research Scholar Award from the Department of Family Medicine and Community Medicine, University of Toronto.

  • Competing interests: none declared