Article Text

PDF
Graded associations between cardiorespiratory fitness, fatness, and blood pressure in children and adolescents
  1. L Klasson-Heggebø1,
  2. L B Andersen2,
  3. A H Wennlöf3,
  4. L B Sardinha4,
  5. M Harro5,
  6. K Froberg6,
  7. S A Anderssen1
  1. 1Norwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway
  2. 2Institute of Exercise and Sport Science, Copenhagen, Denmark
  3. 3Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden
  4. 4Technical University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
  5. 5University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
  6. 6University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Anderssen
 Norwegian University of Sports and Physical Education, Oslo, Norway; sigmund.anderssen{at}nih.no

Abstract

Objective: To measure the graded relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and sum of skinfolds, waist circumference, and blood pressure in children and adolescents participating in the European youth heart study.

Methods: The participants were 4072 children and adolescents (aged 9 and 15) from Denmark, Portugal, Estonia, and Norway. Cardiorespiratory fitness was indirectly determined using a maximal ergometer cycle test. The sum of four skinfolds, waist circumference, and blood pressure were assessed with a standardised protocol. Linear regression analysis was used to test the graded relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and the dependent variables adjusted for pubertal stage, sex, and country.

Results: A significant curvilinear graded relation was found between cardiorespiratory fitness and waist circumference and sum of skinfolds (partial r2 for cardiorespiratory fitness was 0.09–0.26 for the different sexes and age groups). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure also showed a curvilinear relation with cardiorespiratory fitness, and fitness explained 2% of the variance in systolic blood pressure. The difference in systolic blood pressure between the least and most fit was 6 mm Hg.

Conclusion: A curvilinear graded relation was found between cardiorespiratory fitness and waist circumference, sum of skinfolds, and systolic blood pressure. The greatest difference in these health variables was observed between low and moderate fitness levels.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Competing interests: none declared

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.