Article Text

PDF
Decrease in eccentric hamstring strength in runners in the Tirol Speed Marathon
  1. A Koller1,
  2. G Sumann2,
  3. W Schobersberger3,
  4. H Hoertnagl1,
  5. C Haid4
  1. 1Department of Sports Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
  2. 2University Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck
  3. 3Research Department of Leisure, Travel and Alpine Medicine, University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall, Austria
  4. 4University Department of Orthopedics, Medical University of Innsbruck
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Koller
 Department of Sports Medicine, University of Innsbruck Medical School, Innsbruck, Austria; arnold.koller{at}uklibk.ac.at

Abstract

Background: The local muscular endurance of knee flexors, during eccentric work in particular, is important in preventing or delaying kinematic changes associated with fatigue during treadmill running. This result, however, may not be transferable to overground running.

Objective: To test the hypothesis that overground running is associated with eccentric hamstring fatigue.

Methods: Thirteen runners (12 male and one female) performed an isokinetic muscle test three to four days before and 18 hours after a marathon. Both legs were tested. The testing protocol consisted of concentric and eccentric quadriceps and hamstring contractions.

Results: There were no significant differences between peak torque before and after the race, except that eccentric peak hamstring torque (both thighs) was reduced.

Conclusion: Overground running (running a marathon) is associated with eccentric hamstring fatigue. Eccentric hamstring fatigue may be a potential risk factor for knee and soft tissue injuries during running. Eccentric hamstring training should therefore be introduced as an integral part of the training programme of runners.

  • fatigue
  • concentric
  • eccentric
  • hamstring
  • musculoskeletal injury

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Published Online First 6 July 2006

  • Competing interests: none declared

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.