Article Text

PDF
Stress reaction of the humerus in tennis players
  1. Rogerio Teixeira Silva,
  2. Luis Guilherme Hartmann,
  3. Cristiano Frota de Souza Laurino
  1. NEO – Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Research Center, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  1. Rogerio Teixeira Silva, NEO - Sports Medicine Research Center, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil; rgtsilva{at}uol.com.br

Abstract

Background: Overuse injuries are a frequent occurrence among competitive athletes. When analysing the incidence of overuse injuries in tennis players, it has been determined that a significant number of these injures occur in the upper limb area. In this study, we describe five cases of a stress-induced injury to the middle and distal humerus occurring mainly due to repetitive serving.

Methods: Athletes studied were competitive tennis players and elite junior players, two of whom played at international level. Four of the five were male. In all cases, diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging examination. The treatment of middle and distal humeral stress reactions consisted of physical therapy, which focused on analgesia and muscle strengthening. In addition, we analysed each tennis player’s strokes in order to identify modifications that would decrease the amount of stress that the upper limbs were subjected to during the service motion.

Results: The players in our study missed on average 3 weeks of play and at follow-up after 1 year were able to play symptom free.

Conclusions: Our study highlights the need for coaches, physicians and players to be aware of distal humeral pain and understand treatment options in order to prevent further injury, including stress fractures.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None declared.

  • Informed consent was obtained for publication of both figures.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.