Hepatocellular carcinoma associated with recreational anabolic steroid use
- 1Department of General Medicine, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
- 2Department of Anatomical Pathology, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
- Peter Gorayski, Department of General Medicine, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders Drive, Bedford Park, SA, Australia 5042;
- Accepted 18 June 2007
A 35-year-old male bodybuilder was found to have a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arising in a pre-existing hepatic adenoma following recreational anabolic steroid use. Given the widespread use of recreational anabolic steroids, another potentially life-threatening complication is highlighted in addition to the more commonly recognised hepatic adenoma. Malignant transformation to HCC from a pre-existing hepatic adenoma confirmed by immunohistochemical study has previously not been reported in athletes taking anabolic steroids. Further studies using screening programmes to identify high-risk individuals are recommended.
Informed consent was obtained for publication of this report.
Competing interests: None.