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Definition and constituents of maltreatment in sport: establishing a conceptual framework for research practitioners
  1. A E Stirling
  1. Faculty of Physical Education & Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr A E Stirling, University of Toronto, 55 Harbord St, Toronto, ON, M5S 2W6, Canada; ashley.stirling{at}utoronto.ca

Abstract

There has recently been an increased emergence of research on the maltreatment of athletes in sport. It is suggested that research may play a particularly salient role with respect to athlete protection initiatives. However, as it stands, current research in this area is limited by a lack of consistency in definitions. The purpose of the paper, therefore, is to propose a conceptual framework of maltreatment in sport to be used among research practitioners. More specifically, a conceptual model of the different categories, constructs and constituents of maltreatment in sport is proposed. Sport-specific examples of the various maltreatments are outlined. Current literature is reviewed, and recommendations are made for future research.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

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