Article Text

PDF
SportsMedUpdate
  1. Professor Martin P Schwellnus
  1. University of Cape Town, South Africa

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Prevention of overuse injuries by a concurrent exercise programme in subjects exposed to an increase in training load

    ▸Brushoj C, Larsen K, Albrecht-Beste E, et al. Am J Sports Med 2008;36:663–70.

    Background:

    Lower extremity overuse injuries are common during rapid increases in training such as military training — it has been suggested that an exercise programme to reduce intrinsic risk factors may decrease this risk.

    Research question/s:

    Does a preventive exercise training programme that is performed concurrently with an increase in physical activity reduce the incidence of overuse knee injuries and medial tibial stress syndrome?

    Methodology:

    Subjects: 1020 military recruits from 24 platoons (mean 20.9 years, 19–26 years).

    Experimental procedure: All the subjects underwent 3 months basic military training and platoons were randomly assigned to one of two exercise programmes (15 min, 3/week) as follows: an injury prevention exercise programme (PRE = 487, five exercises for strength, flexibility, and coordination) or a control programme (CON = 490, five exercises for the upper body). Two hundred and twenty-three recruits reported lower extremity injuries during the 3 month study period (50 knee and 48 medial tibial stress syndrome — meeting the study criteria).

    Measures of outcome: Incidence (% recruits in 3 months) of injury (lower extremity, knee, medial tibial stress), running performance (12 min run time).

    Main finding/s:

    Injury incidence: There were no differences in the incidence of injury between the PRE and the CON groups.

    Running performance: Subjects in the PRE group had a greater improvement in running distance in 12 …

    View Full Text

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.