Sports injuries and illnesses during the Winter Olympic Games 2010
- Lars Engebretsen1,2,
- Kathrin Steffen2,
- Juan Manuel Alonso3,
- Mark Aubry4,
- Jiri Dvorak5,6,
- Astrid Junge6,
- Willem Meeuwisse7,
- Margo Mountjoy8,
- Per Renström9,
- Mike Wilkinson10
- 1IOC Medical Commission, Lausanne, Switzerland
- 2Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
- 3International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), Monte-Carlo, Monaco, Spain
- 4International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), Zurich, Switzerland
- 5Fédération Internationale de Football de Football Association (FIFA), Zurich, Switzerland
- 6FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Center (F-MARC) and Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
- 7Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
- 8Fédération International de Natation (FINA), Lausanne, Switzerland
- 9Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
- 10VANOC 2010, Vancouver, Canada
- Correspondence to Professor Lars Engebretsen, Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo 0608, Norway;
- Accepted 15 July 2010
Background Identification of high-risk sports, including their most common and severe injuries and illnesses, will facilitate the identification of sports and athletes at risk at an early stage.
Aim To analyse the frequencies and characteristics of injuries and illnesses during the XXI Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver 2010.
Methods All National Olympic Committees' (NOC) head physicians were asked to report daily the occurrence (or non-occurrence) of newly sustained injuries and illnesses on a standardised reporting form. In addition, the medical centres at the Vancouver and Whistler Olympic clinics reported daily on all athletes treated for injuries and illnesses.
Results Physicians covering 2567 athletes (1045 females, 1522 males) from 82 NOCs participated in the study. The reported 287 injuries and 185 illnesses resulted in an incidence of 111.8 injuries and 72.1 illnesses per 1000 registered athletes. In relation to the number of registered athletes, the risk of sustaining an injury was highest for bobsleigh, ice hockey, short track, alpine freestyle and snowboard cross (15–35% of registered athletes were affected in each sport). The injury risk was lowest for the Nordic skiing events (biathlon, cross country skiing, ski jumping, Nordic combined), luge, curling, speed skating and freestyle moguls (less than 5% of registered athletes). Head/cervical spine and knee were the most common injury locations. Injuries were evenly distributed between training (54.0%) and competition (46.0%; p=0.18), and 22.6% of the injuries resulted in an absence from training or competition. In skeleton, figure and speed skating, curling, snowboard cross and biathlon, every 10th athlete suffered from at least one illness. In 113 illnesses (62.8%), the respiratory system was affected.
Conclusion At least 11% of the athletes incurred an injury during the games, and 7% of the athletes an illness. The incidence of injuries and illnesses varied substantially between sports. Analyses of injury mechanisms in high-risk Olympic winter sports are essential to better direct injury-prevention strategies.
Funding The funding for the consensus meeting was supplied by the International Olympic Committee.
Competing interests None.
Patient consent Obtained.
Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by the Regional Committee for Medical Research Ethics, Region Øst-Norge, Norway.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; not externally peer-reviewed.