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Maintaining a healthy physically active lifestyle is a major contemporary public health issue.1 However, regular participation in physical activity and sports increases the individual’s exposure to injury. This threatens ongoing, healthy physical activity behaviour. Moreover, there are substantial direct and indirect costs of sports and physical activity- related injuries, so these injuries are also a societal problem. Thus, safety is an essential corollary of our global effort to promote sports and physical activity. For this reason, prevention, reduction and control of injuries are important goals for clinicians and researchers, as well as for society as a whole.
In the early 1990s, van Mechelen et al2 proposed a model of prevention research and implementation. This model emphasised that a crucial part of injury prevention requires understanding of injury risks and injury aetiology. Shortly after, the injury causation model proposed by Meeuwisse3 described the interplay between different factors along the path to injury. Over the past …
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