Article Text

PDF
Poster
The effects of pilates exercise on blood pressure and selective physical fitness components in sedentary overweight females
  1. Zeinab Omid Ali,
  2. Fahimeh Esfarjani,
  3. Effat Bambaeichi,
  4. Mohammad Marandi
  1. Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 8 weeks Pilates exercise programme on blood pressure and selective physical fitness components in sedentary overweight females. Thirty sedentary overweight student females (mean ± SD; age: 26 ± 3 years, body mass: 65.9 ± 5.8 kg, height: 1.58 ± 0.08 m, BMI: 26.2 ± 1.8 kg/m2) from Isfahan University participated in this study. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the experimental (n = 15) or control group (n = 15). The experimental group participated in 8 weeks Pilates class, which met for 1 h three times per week, while the control group was prevented from any sport activity and just participated in pre- and post-testing. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, percentage of total body fat, handgrip, flexibility, aerobic power, abdominal endurance and waist circumference were assessed. There was a significant decrease in fat percentage, fat body mass and waist circumference in the experimental group after 8 weeks Pilates exercise by 7.3%, 8.5% and 4.6%, respectively (p<0.05). Aerobic power, abdominal muscular endurance and hand grip in experimental group compared to control group significantly increased by 12.3%, 9.8% and 23%. In addition, flexibility consists of sit and reach and shoulder reach test in experimental group compared to control group significantly increased by 28% and 22%, respectively (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between experimental and control groups in total body weight, body mass index, lean body mass and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p>0.05). It is concluded that sedentary females may experience improvement in some physical fitness components and significantly decrease in body fat and waist size following 8 weeks Pilates exercise programme.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.