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Is exercise effective in promoting mental well-being in older age? A systematic review
  1. Simon Rosenbaum,
  2. Catherine Sherrington
  1. The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Mr Simon Rosenbaum, The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia; srosenbaum{at}georgeinstitute.org.au.

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Background

Mental health benefits of physical exercise in people with conditions such as depression1 and anxiety2 have been established. Ageing can be associated with poor mental well-being, and exercise may play a role in enhancing mental well-being throughout older age.

Aim

The aim of this systematic review and meta-analyses was to examine the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of exercise and physical activity on the mental well-being of people older than 65 years. The authors define mental well-being as ‘positive psychological functioning encompassing life satisfaction, happiness, resilience, self-esteem, being in control and coping with life’.

Searches and inclusion criteria

The authors systematically searched 25 databases and 11 websites, including CINAHL, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EmBase and PsychInfo, with terms relating to older adults, health …

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