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EFFECTS OF SPORT INVOLVEMENT IN ASSETS, ATTITUDES AND ENJOYMENT IN YOUTH SOCCER PLAYERS
  1. AJ Santos,
  2. HM Carvalho,
  3. CE Gonçalves
  1. Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, Estádio Universitário de Coimbra, Pavilhão 3, 3040-156 Coimbra

Abstract

Sport involvement by youths is generally seen as positive for the youth development. Nevertheless, group norms, competition pressures and winning can lead to the adoption of anti-social and risk behaviours. A lack of enjoyment in sport is associated with burnout and dropout and consequently with lower levels of physical activity. We : a) observed the effect of sport involvement in youth soccer players during a season; b) observed the age effects in the developmental assets, attitudes and enjoyment in youth sport; c) explored the correlation between enjoyment, sport attitudes and developmental assets. This study comprised 135 male players aged 12–18 years (M=15, SD=2). A multilevel analysis and Pearson correlation was performed. The magnitude of the changes during a season were modest. There were negative effects of a season involvement in soccer program, with increased cheating and reductions in commitment and some developmental assets. The negative attitudes are correlated with other-referenced sources and positive values. The findings suggest that a proper environment and postive role models can foster the maintenance in sport and a positive development.

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