Big hits on the small screen: an evaluation of concussion-related videos on YouTube
- David Williams1,
- S John Sullivan1,
- Anthony G Schneiders1,
- Osman Hassan Ahmed1,
- Hopin Lee1,
- Arun Prasad Balasundaram1,
- Paul R McCrory2
- 1Centre for Physiotherapy Research, School of Physiotherapy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
- 2Florey Neurosciences Institutes and the Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, University of Melbourne and the Australian Centre for Research in Sports Injury Prevention, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
- Correspondence to Professor S John Sullivan, Centre for Physiotherapy Research, School of Physiotherapy, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand;
- Received 4 October 2012
- Revised 22 December 2012
- Accepted 16 January 2013
- Published Online First 27 February 2013
Background YouTube is one of the largest social networking websites, allowing users to upload and view video content that provides entertainment and conveys many messages, including those related to health conditions, such as concussion. However, little is known about the content of videos relating to concussion.
Objective To identify and classify the content of concussion-related videos available on YouTube.
Study design An observational study using content analysis.
Methods YouTube's video database was systematically searched using 10 search terms selected from MeSH and Google Adwords. The 100 videos with the largest view counts were chosen from the identified videos. These videos and their accompanying text were analysed for purpose, source and description of content by a panel of assessors who classified them into data-driven thematic categories.
Results 434 videos met the inclusion criteria and the 100 videos with the largest view counts were chosen. The most common categories of the videos were the depiction of a sporting injury (37%) and news reports (25%). News and media organisations were the predominant source (51%) of concussion-related videos on YouTube, with very few being uploaded by professional or academic organisations. The median number of views per video was 26 191.
Conclusions Although a wide range of concussion-related videos were identified, there is a need for healthcare and educational organisations to explore YouTube as a medium for the dissemination of quality-controlled information on sports concussion.