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Sports participation of individuals with major upper limb deficiency
  1. Mihai Bragaru1,
  2. Rienk Dekker1,2,
  3. Pieter U Dijkstra1,3,
  4. Jan H B Geertzen1,
  5. Corry K van der Sluis1
  1. 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Rehabilitation, Groningen, The Netherlands
  2. 2University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Sports Medicine, Groningen, The Netherlands
  3. 3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Mihai Bragaru, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Rehabilitation, Hanzeplein 1, PO Box 30.001, Groningen 9700 RB, The Netherlands; mihai.bragaru{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Background The aim of this study was to analyse sports participation of individuals with upper limb deficiency (ULD) and associated factors.

Methods Individuals with ULD originating from the Netherlands were invited, via their attending physiatrist or prosthetist, to answer a digital or paper questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of 34 items related to personal characteristics, type of deficiency and participation in sports.

Results Of the 175 respondents, 57% participated in sports for at least 60 min/week (athletes). Results of logistic regression analyses indicated that the presence of an additional health problem hindering sports participation (β=−1.31, p<0.001) and a more proximal onset of the limb deficiency (β=0.76, p=0.022) had a negative influence on sports participation. For individuals with an acquired ULD, a medium education level (β=0 0.77, p=0.108) and participation in sports before their amputation (β=1.11, p=0.007) had a positive influence on sports participation. The desire to stay healthy and the pleasure derived from sports participation represented the main reasons for participation in sports according to athletes. The presence of an additional medical problem and a lack of motivation were reasons for non-athletes to not participate in sports.

Conclusions The majority of individuals with ULD participate in sports regularly. The presence of an additional medical problem, as well as the level of ULD, educational level and participation in sports before amputation, was related to participation in sports.

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