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22 Study of daily life habits in a professional football team
  1. RN Rekik,
  2. R Daoud,
  3. O Skhiri,
  4. H Mechri,
  5. I Elwan,
  6. F Smatti
  1. National Sport Medicine Program Department, Aspetar (Orthopaedic and Sport Medicine Hospital), Qatar

Abstract

Many daily life habits influence the performance and the occurrence of injuries in football, but they have been rarely studied as a whole. Our study explored the daily habits (lifestyle and nutritional habits) of first team players (n = 32: one declined to participate) in a professional football club in Qatar. After evaluation of the literature, a questionnaire was prepared and given to the players during the month of October 2012. The questionnaire asked about personal information, nutrition, hydration, sleep, stress and other habits. The study also evaluated the occurrence of injuries among these players during the same season. In our study results, the injuries concerned 6 times more local players than professionals suggesting that a local player is more likely exposed to injury. If having another occupation or living alone can sometimes contribute to have bad daily habits and affect the psychology of the player, it did not seem to cause among our players an increase of the risk of injury. On the other side, when comparing the injured players, bad sleep and stress seemed to expose players to more injuries. Furthermore, ice bath as recovery method, diet and hydration seemed to be effective as regard their ability to counteract the fatigue mechanisms and protect the players against the risk of injuries. Concerning Tobacco and Alcohol, the players did not want to answer and results were not useful. The role of drinks, vitamins and supplements was not clearly established, but drinks could help players to be motivated to drink more and avoid dehydration and lack of mineral salts and carbohydrates. The study results corroborated the literature findings. However, if the strength of the study is to explore the majority of the daily habits among football players, its weakness is mainly the sample size. Our results suggest some relations between the occurrence of injuries and daily habits, but this study is not intended to confirm these relations but to find out unsuitable daily habits for football players already known or suspected to be risk factors for injuries in order to implement a more efficient prevention program for the team. Confirming such assumptions needs further studies with bigger sample where significant association will be sought. Moreover, the type of injury and location should be also investigated in case of bad or unsuitable daily habits for a football player.

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