Article Text

PDF
The impact of short periods of match congestion on injury risk and patterns in an elite football club
  1. Chris Carling1,2,
  2. Alan McCall2,3,
  3. Franck Le Gall2,
  4. Gregory Dupont2,4
  1. 1Institute of Coaching and Performance, University of Central Lancashire, Lancashire, UK
  2. 2Department of Research and Development, LOSC Lille Métropole Football Club, Camphin-en-Pévèle, France
  3. 3Research Department for Sports and Exercise Science, Napier University, Edinburgh, UK
  4. 4University of Lille Nord de France, UDSL, Ronchin, France
  1. Correspondence to Dr Chris Carling, Institute of Coaching and Performance, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire PR1 2HE, UK; chris.carling{at}free.fr

Abstract

Background The effect of fixture congestion on injury rates and patterns has received scarce attention in elite football and existing investigations have not accounted for player rotation or examined the temporal distribution and potential cause of injuries.

Aim To prospectively investigate the epidemiology of injury during short periods of fixture congestion in a professional football club.

Methods Over a six-season period, exposure time and injury data were compared in the same players (n=25 (14 individuals)) when participating in two frequently occurring short congested fixture cycles in comparison to match-play outside these cycles. (1) two successive matches separated by an interval totalling ≤3 days calculated immediately from the end of play in match 1 to the beginning of play in match 2; (2) three successive matches separated by ≤4-day intervals starting the day immediately after each match.

Results In two-match congestion cycles, incidence rate ratios (IRR) showed that there was a higher risk of injury in the final 15 min of play in the second match in comparison to match-play outside the cycles (IRR: 3.1 (95% CI 1.1 to 9.3), p=0.0400). A greater risk of injury overall (IRR: 2.0 (95% CI 1.1 to 3.8), p=0.0345) and in the first-half of play (2.6 (1.1 to 6,5), p=0.0386), and risk of ankle sprains (10.4 (95% CI 1.9 to 57.9), p=0.0068) and non-contact injuries due to a ‘change in direction’ (IRR: 7.8 (1.3 to 46.8), p=0.0243) were observed in the final match of three-match congestion cycles in comparison to match-play outside the cycles.

Conclusions Injury rates and patterns were affected in the same elite football players when competing in short congested fixture cycles in comparison to match-play outside the cycles.

  • Cohort study
  • Hamstrings
  • Injuries
  • Injury prevention
  • Soccer

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles