Objective: Hamstring strains are among the most frequent injuries in sports especially in events requiring sprinting and running. Distal tears of the hamstring muscles requiring surgical treatment are poorly reported in the literature. The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of surgical treatment for distal hamstring tears.
Design: A case series of 18 operatively treated distal hamstring muscle tears combined with a review of the previously published cases in the English literature. Retrospective study; level of evidence 4.
Setting: Mehiläinen Sports Trauma Research Center and Mehiläinen Hospital and Sports Clinic, Turku, Finland.
Patients: Between 1992 and 2005 a total of 18 athletes with a distal hamstring tear were operated at our center.
Main Outcome Measurements: At the follow-up the patients were asked about possible symptoms (pain, weakness, stiffness) and their return to the pre-injury level of sport.
Results: The final results were rated excellent in 13 cases, good in 1 case, fair in 3 cases and poor in 1 case. Fourteen out of the eighteen patients were able to return to their former level of sport after an average of 4 months (range, 2 to 6).
Conclusions: Surgical treatment seems to be beneficial in distal hamstring tears in selected cases.
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