Article Text

other Versions

PDF
Effects of the playing surface on plantar pressures and potential injuries in tennis
  1. Olivier Girard (olivier.girard{at}univ-montp1.fr)
  1. EA 2991, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Montpellier, France
    1. Frank Eicher (eichharry{at}hotmail.com)
    1. EA 2991, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Montpellier, France
      1. François Fourchet (francois.fourchet{at}aspire.qa)
      1. ASPIRE, Academy for Sport excellence, Doha, Qatar
        1. Jean-Paul Micallef (micallef{at}montp.inserm.fr)
        1. EA 2991, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Montpellier, France
          1. Grégoire P Millet (gregoire.millet{at}aspire.qa)
          1. ASPIRE, Academy for Sport Excellence, Doha, Qatar

            Abstract

            Objectives: To examine the influence of different playing surfaces on in-shoe loading patterns during tennis-specific movements.

            Methods: Ten experienced male players performed two type of tennis-specific displacements (serve and volley (SV) and baseline play (BA)) on two different playing surfaces; e.g. clay v Greenset. Max and mean force and pressure, contact time, contact area and relative load were recorded by an insole with 99 sensors (X-Pedar system) and divided into 9-areas.

            Results: Regarding the whole foot, mean force (SV: 615 ± 91 v 724 ± 151 N; -12.4%, p<0.05 and BA: 614 ± 73 v 717 ± 133 N; -11.6%, p<0.05) was lower on clay than on Greenset, whereas contact time was longer (SV: 299 ± 113 v 270 ± 148 ms; +16.5%, NS and BA: 354 ± 72 v 272 ± 60 ms; +30.3%, p<0.001). Greenset induced higher loading in hallux (SV: +15.3%, p<0.05 and BA: +11.4%, NS) and lesser toes areas (SV: +12.6%, p<0.05 and BA: +18.0%, p<0.01). In contrast, the relative load on the medial (SV: +27.4%, p<0.05 and BA: +16.1%, p=0.06) and lateral midfoot (SV: +23.3%, p<0.05 and BA: +28.3%, p<0.01) was higher on clay.

            Conclusions: This study demonstrates that playing surface affects plantar loading in tennis: Greenset induced higher loading in hallux (SV: +15.3%, p<0.05 and BA: +11.4%, NS) and lesser toes areas (SV: +12.6%, p<0.05 and BA: +18.0%, p<0.01) but lower relative load on the medial (SV: -27.4%, p<0.05 and BA: -16.1%, p=0.06) and lateral midfoot (SV: -23.3%, p<0.05 and BA: -28.3%, p<0.01) than clay.

            Statistics from Altmetric.com

            Request permissions

            If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.