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Sports related acute and chronic avulsion injuries in children and adolescents with special emphasis on tennis
  1. Everhard Julienne Marc Vandervliet (evert_vandervliet{at}hotmail.com)
  1. Universitair Ziekenhuis Antwerpen, Belgium
    1. Filip Maria Vanhoenacker (filip.vanhoenacker{at}telenet.be)
    1. Universitair Ziekenhuis Antwerpen, Belgium
      1. Annemie Snoeckx (annemiek.snoeckx{at}skynet.be)
      1. Universitair Ziekenhuis Antwerpen, Belgium
        1. Jan Louis Gielen (jan.gielen{at}uza.be)
        1. Universitair Ziekenhuis Antwerpen, Belgium
          1. Pieter Van Dyck (pieter.van.dyck{at}uza.be)
          1. Universitair Ziekenhuis Antwerpen, Belgium
            1. Paul Marie Parizel (paul.parizel{at}uza.be)
            1. Universitair Ziekenhuis Antwerpen, Belgium

              Abstract

              Acute and chronic sports related muscle and tendon injuries are not infrequent in youngsters. Particularly the physis is prone to trauma, as it constitutes the weakest part of the immature skeleton. The kind of sports activity determines the location of the lesion. Most commonly apophyses of hip and pelvis are subject to avulsion. The purpose of this paper is to give a short overview of the pathogenesis, location, prevalence and imaging characteristics of acute and chronic avulsion injuries in the immature skeleton, with special emphasis on tennis related injuries. Tennis-related injuries particularly involve the apophyses of the ischial tuberosity, the anterior inferior or superior iliac spine and the iliac crest.

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