Article Text

other Versions

PDF
External Auditory Canal Exostoses in White Water Kayakers
  1. Alison Cooper
  1. UWIC, United Kingdom
    1. Richard Tong (rtong{at}uwic.ac.uk)
    1. UWIC, United Kingdom
      1. Richard Neil
      1. UWIC, United Kingdom
        1. David Owens
        1. University Hospital of Wales, United Kingdom
          1. Alun Tomkinson
          1. University Hospital of Wales, United Kingdom

            Abstract

            ABSTRACT

            Objective

            To identify the presence and severity of External Auditory Canal Exostoses (EACE) in a group of white water kayakers related to the duration and intensity of kayaking and the number of ear infections reported.

            Design

            A community based volunteer cross sectional study was completed with 92 kayakers (69 male, 23 female, mean (SD) age 29.3 (8.72) years) and 65 control volunteers (37 male, 28 female, mean (SD) age 36.9 (14.9) years). Following exclusions 269 individual ears were examined (154 kayaker, 115 control). Participants completed a questionnaire and underwent otoscopic examination. Main outcome measures were the presence and severity of EACE, the duration and frequency of kayaking and self-reported ear infections. Exclusion criteria included other cold water exposure, known ear pathology or poor visualisation of the auditory canal.

            Results

            The findings demonstrate that 69.5% of kayaker ears and 1.7% of the control group were found to have EACE. Severity of EACE was significantly associated with the duration (p<0.01) and frequency (p<0.05) of kayaking with 90.6% of kayakers that had participated for over 10 years having evidence of EACE. A significant relationship also existed between the number of self-reported ear infections and the severity of EACE (p<0.01).

            Conclusion

            There is a positive relationship between the duration and frequency of white water kayaking and the presence and severity of EACE and associated ear infections.

            Statistics from Altmetric.com

            Request permissions

            If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.