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Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome – a review on the associated neuromuscular deficits and current treatment options
  1. Veronica Fagan
  1. University College Dublin, Eire
    1. Eamonn Delahunt (eamonn.delahunt{at}
    1. University College Dublin, Eire


      Background: Patellofemoral pain syndrome(PFPS)is a common clinical presentation. Various neuromuscular factors have been reported to contribute to its aetiology.

      Study design: Systematic review.

      Methods: A literature search was carried out from 1998 up to December 2007. Eligible studies were those that (1)which examined the effects of hip strengthening in subjects with PFPS, (2)examined the effects of physiotherapy treatment aimed at restoring muscle balance between the VMO and VL in subjects with PFPS, (3)examined the effect of taping on EMG muscle amplitude in subjects with PFPS, and (4)compared the effects of open versus closed kinetic chain exercises in the treatment of subjects with PFPS.

      Results: No RCTs exist to support the use of hip joint strengthening in subjects with PFPS. Physiotherapy treatment programmes appear to be an efficacious method of improving quadriceps muscle imbalances. Further studies are required to determine the true efficacy of therapeutic patellar taping. Both open and closed kinetic chain exercises are appropriate form of treatment for subjets with PFPS.

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