Article Text

other Versions

PDF
Temporal trends in adults' sports participation patterns in England between 1997 and 2006: The Health Survey for England
  1. Emmanuel Stamatakis (e.stamatakis{at}ucl.ac.uk)
  1. University College London, United Kingdom
    1. Moushumi Chaudhury (m.chaudhury{at}ucl.ac.uk)
    1. University College London, United Kingdom

      Abstract

      Objective: To examine temporal trends in participation in sport and exercise activities (SPEX) in England between 1997 and 2006 while taking into account wider societal changes.

      Design: A series of annual cross-sectional surveys. Setting & participants: Nationally-representative samples of men (N=27,217) and women (N=33,721) aged ≥16 yrs.

      Main outcome measurements: Any (≥once/four weeks) and regular (≥once/week) participation in overall SPEX, and a number of SPEX groupings (e.g. cycling, swimming, gym and fitness club-based activities (G/FC), racket sports) . Time point (1997/98, 2003/04, 2006) was the main dependent variable.

      Results: Age-standardised overall regular participation changed from 40.8% in 1997/98 to 41.2% in 2006 in men (multivariable-adjusted participation odds in 2006:OR 1.11, 95%CIs: 1.03-1.19, p<0.001) and from 31.2% to 33.9% in women (1.21, 1.13-1.29, p<0.001). Regular G/FC increased from 17.0% to 19.2% in men (1.19, 1.09-1.30) and from 15.9% to 18.7% in women (1.23, 1.14-1.33), regular running increased from 2.4% to 4.0% in women only (1.84, 1.56-2.18). Overall increases were apparent only in older adults (≥45 years) (1.25, 1.16-1.35, p<0.001). Young men (16-29 yrs) had reduced odds for cycling (0.72, 0.58-0.88, p=0.008), dancing (0.60, 0.45-0.82, p=0.001), running (0.78, 0.64-0.94, p<0.001) and racket sports (0.60, 0.42-0.86, p=0.003). In men increases were pronounced only among men from nonmanual social classes, higher income households and white ethnic backgrounds.

      Conclusions: SPEX participation in England has changed between 1997 and 2006 as the result of increases among middle-aged and older adults and decreases among young males. There are no signs that the participation gap between less and more advantaged population groups is narrowing.

      Statistics from Altmetric.com

      Request permissions

      If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

      Linked Articles