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Validity of three accelerometers during treadmill walking and motor vehicle travel
  1. Matthew Maddocks (matthew.maddocks{at}
  1. University of Nottingham
    1. Andria Petrou (mzyzap2{at}
    1. Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
      1. Lindsay Skipper (lindsay.skipper{at}
      1. University of Nottingham
        1. Andrew Wilcock (andrew.wilcock{at}
        1. Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust


          Objective: To determine the relative accuracy during treadmill walking and motor vehicle travel of the ActivPAL™, PALlite™ and Digi-Walker™ accelerometers.

          Methods: Forty healthy volunteers wearing all accelerometers undertook either five treadmill walks (n=20) at speeds ranging between 0.6–1.4m/s or a 15min motor vehicle journey (n=20). Step counts recorded by each accelerometer were compared to the actual step count determined by video analysis (treadmill walking) or to an actual step count of zero (motor vehicle). Mean percentage measurement error was calculated and compared between devices by one-way ANOVA and Student's t-test.

          Results: For treadmill walking, the measurement error was lowest for the ActivPAL, with no significant differences between the ActivPAL and the PALlite monitors. The measurement error was significantly higher for the Digi-Walker at speeds of ≤1m/s. During vehicle travel erroneous steps were recorded by the PALlite (254 steps) and Digi-Walker (25 steps), but not the AcitvPAL monitor (0 steps).

          Conclusions: The ActivPAL accelerometer accurately measures step count over a range of walking speeds and, unlike the other accelerometers tested, is not falsely triggered by motor vehicle travel.

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