Background: Although high prevalence of anterior cruciate ligament injuries (ACL) in judokas has been reported, events preceding the injury have hardly been researched.
Objective: To determine the common situation and mechanism of the ACL injury in judo.
Methods: We investigated 43 cases of ACL injuries which had occurred during judo competition or practice. We used questionnaires with interviews conducted by one certified athletic trainer who has 20-year judo experience to obtain information regarding the situation and mechanism in which the ACL injury occurred.
Results: The number of the ACL injuries when the subject's grip style was different from the style of the opponent (i.e. kenka-yotsu style) (28 cases) was significantly greater than when the subject's grip style was the same as that of the opponent (i.e. ai-yotsu style)(15 cases)(P<0.001). The number of the ACL injury was significantly higher when the subject was attacked by the opponent than when counterattacked or when attempting the attack (P<0.001). In addition, being attacked with osoto-gari was revealed as the leading cause of the ACL injury incidence among the subjects (16.8%). Conclusions: Grip styles may be associated with the ACL injury occurrence in judo. In addition, direct contact due to the opponent's attack may be a common mechanism of the ACL injuries in judo.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.