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The Development of a Walkability Index: Application To the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study
  1. Lawrence D Frank (ldfrank{at}interchange.ubc.ca)
  1. University of British Columbia, Canada
    1. James F Sallis
    1. San Diego State University, United States
      1. Brian E Saelens
      1. University of Cincinnati and Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, United States
        1. Lauren Leary
        1. Lawrence Frank and Company, Canada
          1. Kelli Cain
          1. San Diego State University, United States
            1. Terry L Conway
            1. San Diego State University, United States
              1. Paul M Hess
              1. University of Toronto, Canada

                Abstract

                Emerging evidence supports a link between neighborhood built environment and physical activity. Systematic methodologies for characterizing neighborhood built environment are needed that take advantage of available population information such as Census-level demographics. Based on transportation and urban planning literatures, an integrated index for operationalizing walkability using parcel-level information is proposed. Validity of the walkability index is examined through travel surveys among areas examined in the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study, a study investigating built environment correlates of adults’ physical activity.

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