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Effect of a neuromuscular warm-up programme on muscle power, balance, speed and agility - A randomised controlled study
  1. Kati Pasanen (kati.pasanen{at}
  1. Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, Finland
    1. Jari Parkkari (jari.parkkari{at}
    1. Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, Finland
      1. Matti Pasanen (matti.pasanen{at}
      1. UKK Institute, Finland
        1. Pekka Kannus (pekka.kannus{at}
        1. UKK Institute, Finland


          Objective: To investigate whether a six-month neuromuscular warm-up programme could improve muscle power, balance, speed, and agility.

          Design: Cluster randomised controlled study.

          Setting: 27 top level female floorball teams in Finland.

          Participants: 222 players (mean age 24 years) – 119 in the intervention group and 103 in the control group were followed up for one league season (six months).

          Intervention: A neuromuscular warm-up programme included sports specific running technique, balance, jumping, and strengthening exercises. The teams were advised to use the programme 1-3 times per week through the league season. One training session took approximately 25 minutes.

          Main outcome measures: Performance tests were assessed before and after the six-month intervention including static jump, countermovement jump, jumping over a bar, standing on a bar, and figure-of-eight running.

          Results: At six months, we found statistically significant between-groups differences in two outcome parameters: jumping over a bar (number of jumps in 15 sec), and standing on a bar (number of balance losses in 60 sec). Mean between-groups difference in the former was 2.3 jumps (95% CI 0.8 to 3.8, p=0.003) favouring the intervention group, and in the latter -0.4 balance losses (95% CI -0.8 to 0.0, p=0.050), again in the favour of the intervention group.

          Conclusion: A neuromuscular warm-up programme improved the floorball players’ sideways jumping speed and static balance. The exercises were also safe to perform and can thus be recommended for weekly training of floorball players.

          Trial registration: The International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial Register, the registration number ISRCTN26550281.

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