Br J Sports Med doi:10.1136/bjsm.2009.061580

Teleoanticipation in all-out short duration cycling

  1. Anna L Wittekind (alwitt{at}
  1. University of Essex, United Kingdom
    1. Dominic Micklewright (dpmick{at}
    1. University of Essex, United Kingdom
      1. Ralph Beneke (rbeneke{at}
      1. University of Essex, United Kingdom
        • Published Online First 12 August 2009


        Objective: To investigate the effect of all-out cycling test duration on indices of power, anaerobic lactic energy metabolism, perceived exertion and mood.

        Methods: Nine physically active males undertook 4 all-out cycling tests of 5, 15, 30 or 45 s from seated stationary start on an ergometer fit with power cranks. Subjects completed a Profile of Mood States (POMs) questionnaire prior to each test and indicated perceived exertion immediately post-test (Borg 6-20 scale). Indices of anaerobic lactic metabolism were determined from blood lactate concentrations.

        Results: Pacing strategy was apparent in the 45 s tests with lower peak (p<0.01) and mean power in the initial 10 s compared to the 5 and 15 s tests (p<0.05). The first 15 s of the 30 and 45 s tests revealed lower fatigue indexes compared to the 15 s tests (p<0.05) indicating some pacing in the 30 s tests. Perceived exertion increased with duration, with no difference between the 15 and 30 s tests (p>0.05). Extravascal lactate generation (reflecting exercising muscle lactate production) explained 59% of the variance in perceived exertion. There was no effect of knowledge of test duration on mood states or total mood disturbance (p>0.05).

        Conclusions: An all-out pacing strategy was apparent for at least up to 15 s, with indicators of dampened power in both 30 and 45 s sprints. Reduced power at the start of all-out long duration sprints support a central control of at least initial pacing strategy.

        Free sample

        This 2015 issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of BJSM.
        View free sample issue >>

        Email alerts

        Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

        Navigate This Article