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Does exercise training during pregnancy influence fetal cardiovascular responses to an exercise stimulus? Insights from a randomised controlled trial.
  1. Rubén Barakat (rubenomar.barakat{at}upm.es)
  1. INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
    1. Jonatan R Ruiz (ruizj{at}ugr.es)
    1. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden
      1. Gabriel Rodríguez-Romo (gabriel.rodriguez{at}upm.es)
      1. INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
        1. Rocío Montejo Rodríguez (rmontejo.hflr{at}salud.madrid.org)
        1. Hopsital de Fuenlabrada, Madrid, Spain
          1. Alejandro Lucia (alejandro.lucia{at}uem.es)
          1. Universidad Europea de Madrid, Spain

            Abstract

            We assessed the effects of maternal physical activity level on several fetal haemodynamics parameters such as pulsatility index of the fetal middle cerebral (MCA-PI) and umbilical artery (UA-PI), and cerebral to fetal ratio (CPR), as well as on fetal heart rate (FHR) responses to one-bout of moderate exercise (20-min cycle-ergometry at ~60% of age-predicted maximum heart rate) during the third pregnancy trimester. We studied 26 sedentary and 26 physically active gravidae aged 29(3) and 30(2) years respectively. Maternal exercise did not have a deleterious effect on fetal haemodynamics (particularly, CPR remained within normal limits with exercise). Overall, maternal training status did not influence the fetal cardiovascular variables we studied.

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