Article Text

other Versions

PDF
Exercise and diet in weight management: updating what works
  1. Duncan J Macfarlane1,*,
  2. Neil Thomas2
  1. 1 Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong;
  2. 2 Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
  1. Correspondence to: Duncan J Macfarlane, Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, 111-113 Pokfulam Road, Pokfulam, 0000, Hong Kong; djmac{at}hku.hk

Abstract

The world is facing major problems associated with the rapid increase in levels of overweight and obesity. Solving this problem via appropriate modifications to exercise habits and/or diet appears easy, but in practice it is inordinately difficult and only a small percentage manage to maintain their weight loss over the long-term. However, a number of strategies can be employed to increase the chances of success. Medical doctors, dieticians, and other allied health professionals are potentially well placed to provide guidance to those at risk of overweight/obesity. This review is aimed at supporting major initiatives targeting an increase in community physical activity to help reduce the prevalence of overweight/obesity, such as the “Change4Life” campaign in the UK (www.nhs.uk/change4life), and the “Exercise is Medicine” campaign in the USA (www.exerciseismedicine.org). By providing a concise summary of the evidence-based research that can be easily understood by a wide range of health professionals, this review hopes to provide a useful document that can be used to enhance preventive counselling by promoting appropriate changes in lifestyle that will ultimately increase levels of physical activity, as well as reduce levels of overweight/obesity and other associated chronic hypokinetic conditions.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.