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Detecting over-age players using wrist MRI: Science partnering with sport to ensure Fair Play
  1. Jiri Dvorak*
  1. Schulthess Klinik, Switzerland
  1. Correspondence to: Jiri Dvorak, Schulthess Klinik, Spine Unit, Schulthess Clinic, Lengghalde 2, Zurich, CH-8008, Switzerland; jiri.dvorak{at}


Detecting the presence of over-age players in age-related tournaments has been a difficult challenge for many sports organizations. “Age–doping” is a form of cheating that involves falsification of information about the age of a player to gain advantage in the sport. This clearly contradicts the ethics of sport and Fair Play.

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