Background: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are frequently used in sports medicine to reduce time of incapacity.
Objective: To describe the frequency of NSAIDS use by athletes in the XVth Pan-American Games.
Methods: All athletes who were tested by the anti-doping control filled a form. The voluntarily declared medications were recorded and categorized according to sport modality, gender, region, and control situation according to the World Anti-doping Agency.
Results: Among the 1,261 athletes tested (231 out competition and 1030 in competition; 733 men and 528 women), 63 % reported use of drugs, NSAIDS being the most frequently (64 % of users) used medications. The use of medications was not significantly difference between genders or among different regions of the world. The number of users of only 1 type of NSAID was higher than those who used more than one type of NSAIDS or a combination with analgesics (335 cases vs. 168 cases). In competition reports presented higher use of NSAIDS than out competition.
Conclusion: Athletes tested by the anti-doping control of the XVth Pan-American Games reported a high frequency of NSAIDS use. The frequent utilization in competition suggests that these medications might be used as ergogenic aid.