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Neuromuscular training may reduce injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament in female athletes
  1. Dafne P Nascimento,
  2. C Christine Lin
  1. Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  1. Correspondence to C Christine Lin, Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, PO Box M201, Missenden Road, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia; clin{at}georgeinstitute.org.au

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Background

Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are common. Hewett et al1 suggested that neuromuscular training reduces ACL injuries in female athletes, based on a systematic review where six studies were included. However, most of the studies were not randomised controlled trials and hence the review only provides preliminary evidence on the effectiveness of neuromuscular training.

Aim

The aims of this systematic review are to evaluate the effectiveness of neuromuscular training in preventing ACL injuries in female athletes and to identify factors (age, type of sports, training time, programme component) that were associated with an effective programme.

Searches and inclusion criteria

Four reviewers who were experienced in ACL injuries conducted a literature search in two databases (Medline …

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