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There is emerging consensus that resistance training is safe and effective during all stages of childhood and adolescence. Little is known, however, about the influence of age and maturity on strength gains. In particular, it is not clear whether the onset of puberty, with its rapid increase in sex hormones corresponds to an increase in the response to strength training.
The authors aimed to synthesise the best available evidence to determine whether resistance training programmes are effective in children and adolescents as well as to examine the influence of age, maturity and programme parameters on strength gains.
Searches and inclusion criteria
Six biomedical databases were searched from their inception until August 2009. Authors searched key journals and reference lists as well as grey literature …