How they won Rugby World Cup through height, mass and collective experience
- Adrien Sedeaud1,2,
- Andy Marc1,
- Julien Schipman1,
- Muriel Tafflet3,
- Jean-Philippe Hager4,
- Jean-François Toussaint1,2
- 1IRMES (Institut de Recherche bioMédicale et d’Epidémiologie du Sport), Paris, France
- 2Université Paris-Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France
- 3Inserm, Unit 970, Paris, France
- 4French Rugby Federation, Marcoussis, France
- Correspondence to Adrien Sedeaud, IRMES, 11 Avenue du tremblay, Paris 75012 France;
Contributors Designed research: AS, JFT. Performed research: AS, AM, JS, MT, JPH, JFT. Analysed data: AS, AM, JS, MT, JPH, JFT. AS, JFT wrote paper which was critically revised for intellectual content by all co-authors.
- Received 18 August 2011
- Accepted 20 October 2011
- Published Online First 20 February 2012
Objectives To investigate the evolution of anthropometric characteristics in World Cup rugby players and identify elements associated with performance.
Design Age, weight and height were collected for 2692 World Cup rugby players as well as rankings in each World Cup, and collective experience of winners, finalists, semifinalists and quarter finalists in comparison to the rest of the competitors. Anthropometric parameters were compared according to age and position (back and forwards).
Results From 1987 to 2007, forwards and backs have become heavier by 6.63 and 6.68 kg and taller by 0.61 and 1.09 cm, respectively. The collective experience of the forwards' pack is a value increasing with the final ranking attained, as well as the weight of forwards and the height of backs.
Conclusions For all Rugby World Cups, the highest performing teams have the tallest backs and heaviest forwards with the highest percentage of collective experience.
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.