Sport concussion knowledge base, clinical practises and needs for continuing medical education: a survey of family physicians and cross-border comparison
- Constance M Lebrun1,
- Martin Mrazik2,
- Abhaya S Prasad3,
- B Joel Tjarks4,
- Jason C Dorman5,
- Michael F Bergeron5,
- Thayne A Munce5,
- Verle D Valentine5
- 1Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, Glen Sather Sports Medicine Clinic, Edmonton Clinic, Level 2, 11400 University Avenue, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
- 2Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
- 3School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
- 4Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota, USA
- 5Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Sanford USD Medical Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA
- Correspondence to Dr Constance M Lebrun, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, Glen Sather Sports Medicine Clinic, Edmonton Clinic, Level 2, 11400 University Avenue, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 1Z1;
- Accepted 29 October 2012
- Published Online First 23 November 2012
Context Evolving concussion diagnosis/management tools and guidelines make Knowledge Transfer and Exchange (KTE) to practitioners challenging.
Objective Identify sports concussion knowledge base and practise patterns in two family physician populations; explore current/preferred methods of KTE.
Design A cross-sectional study.
Setting Family physicians in Alberta, Canada (CAN) and North/South Dakota, USA.
Participants CAN physicians were recruited by mail: 2.5% response rate (80/3154); US physicians through a database: 20% response rate (109/545).
Intervention/instrument Online survey.
Main and secondary outcome measures Diagnosis/management strategies for concussions, and current/preferred KTE.
Results Main reported aetiologies: sports/recreation (52.5% CAN); organised sports (76.5% US). Most physicians used clinical examination (93.8% CAN, 88.1% US); far fewer used the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT1/SCAT2) and balance testing. More US physicians initially used concussion-grading scales (26.7% vs 8.8% CAN, p=0.002); computerised neurocognitive testing (19.8% vs 1.3% CAN; p<0.001) and Standardised Assessment of Concussion (SAC) (21.8% vs 7.5% CAN; p=0.008). Most prescribed physical rest (83.8% CAN, 75.5% US), while fewer recommended cognitive rest (47.5% CAN, 28.4% US; p=0.008). Return-to-play decisions were based primarily on clinical examination (89.1% US, 73.8% CAN; p=0.007); US physicians relied more on neurocognitive testing (29.7% vs 5.0% CAN; p<0.001) and recognised guidelines (63.4% vs 23.8% CAN; p<0.001). One-third of Canadian physicians received KTE from colleagues, websites and medical school training. Leading KTE preferences included Continuing Medical Education (CME) courses and online CME.
Conclusions Existing published recommendations regarding diagnosis/management of concussion are not always translated into practise, particularly the recommendation for cognitive rest; predicating enhanced, innovative CME initiatives.