Br J Sports Med doi:10.1136/bjsports-2012-091898
  • Original article

Batting head injury in professional cricket: a systematic video analysis of helmet safety characteristics

  1. Mark Young2
  1. 1Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University-UWIC, Cardiff, Wales, UK
  2. 2Science and Medicine Department, England & Wales Cricket Board, Loughborough, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Craig Ranson, Cardiff School of Sport Cardiff Metropolitan University-UWIC Cyncoed, Cardiff CF23 6XD, Wales, UK; cranson{at}
  • Received 15 October 2012
  • Revised 20 January 2013
  • Accepted 26 January 2013
  • Published Online First 16 February 2013


Background Batters in cricket are continuing to sustain head and facial injuries despite wearing protective helmets.

Objective To gain an understanding of the types and mechanisms of head injuries sustained by batters wearing a helmet.

Methods Injury type, location and mechanism were categorised via analysis of 35 videos of National or International cricketers sustaining a head injury while batting.

Results 53% of the injuries occurred following ball impact to either the helmet faceguard and peak, or the faceguard alone. Ten injuries (29%) resulted from the ball penetrating the gap between the helmet peak and faceguard. 29% of the injuries involved the ball contacting the face following penetration of the gap between the helmet peak and faceguard. Fractures, lacerations and contusions were the most common injuries associated with face or faceguard impacts while concussion was more commonly associated with impacts to the side or rear of the helmet shell. Many of the injuries described resulted in prolonged or permanent absence from cricket.

Conclusions Significant head and facial injuries occur in cricket batters despite wearing of helmets. Cricket helmet design and associated National and International Safety Standards should be improved to provide increased protection against head injury related to ball impact to the faceguard and shell of the helmet.

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