Br J Sports Med doi:10.1136/bjsports-2012-091957
  • Review

Tendons – time to revisit inflammation

Open Access
  1. Alex Scott3
  1. 1Department of Rheumatology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK
  2. 2Isokinetic Medical Group, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, London, UK
  3. 3Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jonathan D Rees, Department of Rheumatology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK; j.rees{at}
  • Accepted 13 February 2013
  • Published Online First 9 March 2013


It is currently widely accepted among clinicians that chronic tendinopathy is caused by a degenerative process devoid of inflammation. Current treatment strategies are focused on physical treatments, peritendinous or intratendinous injections of blood or blood products and interruption of painful stimuli. Results have been at best, moderately good and at worst a failure. The evidence for non-infammatory degenerative processes alone as the cause of tendinopathy is surprisingly weak. There is convincing evidence that the inflammatory response is a key component of chronic tendinopathy. Newer anti-inflammatory modalities may provide alternative potential opportunities in treating chronic tendinopathies and should be explored further.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non commercial and is otherwise in compliance with the license. See: and

Relevant Article

Open Access

Free sample

This 2015 issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of BJSM.
View free sample issue >>

Email alerts

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article