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Compression garments and recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage: a meta-analysis
  1. Jessica Hill1,
  2. Glyn Howatson2,4,
  3. Ken van Someren3,
  4. Jonathan Leeder2,5,
  5. Charles Pedlar1
  1. 1School of Sport, Health and Applied Science, St Mary's University College, Twickenham, UK
  2. 2Faculty of Health and Life of Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK
  3. 3GSK Human Performance Lab, GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare, London, UK
  4. 4Water Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
  5. 5English Institute of Sport, Manchester, UK
  1. Correspondence to Jessica Hill, School of Sport, Health and Applied Science, St Mary's University College, Twickenham TW1 4SX, UK; jessica.hill{at}smuc.ac.uk.

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of compression garments on recovery following damaging exercise. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted using studies that evaluated the efficacy of compression garments on measures of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), muscular strength, muscular power and creatine kinase (CK). Studies were extracted from a literature search of online databases. Data were extracted from 12 studies, where variables were measured at baseline and at 24 or 48 or 72 h postexercise. Analysis of pooled data indicated that the use of compression garments had a moderate effect in reducing the severity of DOMS (Hedges’ g=0.403, 95% CI 0.236 to 0.569, p<0.001), muscle strength (Hedges’ g=0.462, 95% CI 0.221 to 0.703, p<0.001), muscle power (Hedges’ g=0.487, 95% CI 0.267 to 0.707, p<0.001) and CK (Hedges’ g=0.439, 95% CI 0.171 to 0.706, p<0.001). These results indicate that compression garments are effective in enhancing recovery from muscle damage.

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