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Osteoporotic vertebral fracture is a common type of fracture in people with osteoporosis and has been associated with a reduced quality of life1 and a higher risk of subsequent vertebral fracture.2 Exercise intervention is often recommended as part of the multimodal approach for the management of osteoporosis. It is unclear whether exercise intervention has benefits among people with osteoporotic vertebral fractures.
To evaluate the benefits and harms of exercise interventions on the incidence of future fractures and adverse events among adults with a history of osteoporotic vertebral fracture compared with non-exercise/non-active physical therapy intervention, no intervention or placebo. As a secondary objective of this review, the authors examined the effects of exercise on nine different clinical and physiological measures.
Searches and inclusion criteria
Six electronic databases (The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED and PEDro) were searched for randomised controlled trials or quasi-randomised trials published in any language up until November 2011. The authors aimed to locate ongoing or recently completed trials and conference proceedings by …