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Enhancing performance and sport injury prevention in disability sport: moving forwards in the field of football
  1. Osman Hassan Ahmed1,2,
  2. Ayser W Hussain1,3,
  3. Ian Beasley1,
  4. Jiri Dvorak4,
  5. Richard Weiler1,5
  1. 1The FA Centre for Disability Football Research, St Georges Park, Burton-Upon-Trent, UK
  2. 2Centre for Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research, School of Physiotherapy, University of Otago, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand
  3. 3Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Institute for Performance Research, Manchester Metropolitan University, Cheshire, UK
  4. 4F-MARC (FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Centre), Zurich, Switzerland
  5. 5University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Osman Hassan Ahmed, The FA Centre for Disability Football Research, St Georges Park, Burton-Upon-Trent, DE13 9PD, UK; osman.hassan.ahmed{at}

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Implementation—challenging in able-bodied sport—more so in disability sport

According to the WHO, approximately 15.6% of the world population live with some form of disability, including 70 million children world-wide aged between 15 and 18 years.1 The benefits of exercise for individuals living with disability have been highlighted in the literature,2 and participation in team sports, such as football, provides additional benefits (such as facilitating social inclusion, creating peer group networks and challenging perceived social stereotypes). While prevention of injury is an important issue for all athletes, the impact of a sporting injury to an individual with a disability may severely affect their ability to function independently on a daily basis. For example, an athlete with a lower limb amputation who sustains a major injury such as an ACL and osteochondral injury could suffer long-term health consequences. In addition, gaining access to healthcare services and rehabilitation may be more challenging for individuals with a disability.3 Given the many health and …

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