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There is no such thing as a simple ankle sprain: clinical commentary on the 2016 International Ankle Consortium position statement
  1. C Niek van Dijk1,2,3,
  2. Gwendolyn Vuurberg1,2,3
  1. 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2Academic Center for Evidence based Sports Medicine (ACES), Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  3. 3Amsterdam Collaboration for Health and Safety in Sports (ACHSS), Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Professor C Niek van Dijk, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Orthopaedic Research Center Amsterdam, Academic Medical Centre, PO Box 22660, Amsterdam 1100 DD, The Netherlands; c.n.vandijk{at}amc.uva.nl

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Lateral ankle sprains (LAS) have a high incidence and prevalence among a relatively young population. It is the most commonly incurred musculoskeletal trauma among athletes. The prevalence of LAS among the general population is also high. LAS is associated with a wide range of negative sequelae leading to a substantial healthcare burden and by consequence high societal costs. As such, LAS has a high socioeconomic impact.1 In the previous issue, the Executive Committee of the International Ankle Consortium presents a position paper with recommendations based on a consensus statement on the prevalence, impact and long-term consequences of LAS.2 ,3

Epidemiology and complications

The authors state that following a LAS injury, most patients do not receive ongoing supervised professional treatment for their injury.4 Acute injury-associated symptoms typically resolve in a short period of time. However, after an acute ankle sprain, as many as 70% of patients can develop long-lasting symptoms. These symptoms may include persistent ‘giving way’ of the ankle joint, a …

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