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Distinguishing between causal and non-causal associations: implications for sports medicine clinicians

Authors

  • Steven D Stovitz Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Evert Verhagen Amsterdam Collaboration on Health & Safety in Sports and Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Movement Science, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Ian Shrier Centre for Clinical Epidemiology, Lady Davis Institute, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  1. Correspondence to Dr Steven D Stovitz, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St, SEMMC 381, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; stovitz{at}umn.edu
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Citation

Stovitz SD, Verhagen E, Shrier I
Distinguishing between causal and non-causal associations: implications for sports medicine clinicians

Publication history

  • Accepted November 8, 2017
  • First published November 21, 2017.

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