Table 3

The effects of low-carbohydrate high-fat diets on some cardiovascular risk factors

MarkerEffectMean change (95% CI)
Weight (kg)Decreases−7.04 (−7.20 to −6.98)
BMI (kg/m2)Decreases−2.09 (−2.15 to −2.04)
Abdominal circumference (cm)Decreases−5.74 (−6.07 to −5.41)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)Decreases−4.80 (−5.53 to −4.29)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)Decreases−3.10 (−3.45 to −2.74)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)Increases+1.73 (1.44 to 2.01)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)No significant change (variable)−0.48 (−1.53 to 0.57)
Plasma triglycerides (mg/dL)Decreases−29.71 (−31.99 to −27.44)
Glycated haemoglobin (%)Decreases−0.21 (−0.24 to −0.18)
Plasma insulin (µIU/mL)Decreases−2.24 (−2.65 to −1.82)
  • Adapted, with permission, from Santos et al.14