Table 2

Medication management for acute pain and same-day return to play

Mild to moderate pain
Paracetamol (oral)Loading dose up to 2 g, then 325–1000 mg PO every 4–6 hours, up to 4 g per 24 hours
NSAIDs (oral)
  • Ibuprofen: 400–800 mg every 4–6 hours with food, up to 3200 mg per 24 hours

  • Naproxen: 250–500 mg 2× daily with food

  • Ketorolac: 10 mg every 4–6 hours with food, up to 40 mg per 24 hours

  • Celecoxib: 200–400 mg 2× daily

  • Etoricoxib: 90–120 mg once daily

Topical analgesics
  • Rubefacients: methyl salicylate; turpentine oil; ammonia water

  • Cooling sensation: camphor; menthol

  • Vasodilation: histamine dihydrochloride; methyl nicotinate

  • Irritation without rebefaction: capsaicin; capsicum oleoresin