Table 2

Effect of exercise on falls, results of primary meta-analyses and sensitivity analyses

AnalysisNumber of comparisonsPooled rate ratio, 95% CII2 (%)
General community dwellers
 Random effects meta-analysis all comparisons690.79 (0.73 to 0.85)47
 Fixed-effect meta-analysis all comparisons690.82 (0.79 to 0.86)47
 Random effects meta-analysis studies n>200270.81 (0.75 to 0.89)52
 Random effects meta-analysis studies PEDro score ≥7*240.81 (0.74 to 0.89)30
 Random effects meta-analysis no computed analyses†280.76 (0.69 to 0.83)46
 Random effects meta-analysis no cluster trials620.78 (0.72 to 0.85)49
Residential care dwellers
 Random effects meta-analysis all comparisons150.90 (0.72 to 1.12)68
 Fixed-effect meta-analysis all comparisons150.98 (0.88 to 1.08)68
 Random effects meta-analysis studies n>20031.01 (0.77 to 1.33)74
 Random effects meta-analysis studies PEDro score ≥7*40.82 (0.57 to 1.19)48
 Random effects meta-analysis no computed analyses10.82 (0.49 to 1.38)
 Random effects meta-analysis no cluster trials140.92 (0.77 to 1.10)65
Clinical populations (community dwellers)
 Parkinson's disease, all trials60.47 (0.30 to 0.73)65
 Parkinson's disease, PEDro score ≥7*40.44 (0.23 to 0.83)79
 Stroke, all trials‡30.74 (0.42 to 1.32)39
 Cognitive impairment, all trials30.55 (0.37 to 0.83)21
 Cognitive impairment, PEDro score ≥7*20.50 (0.40 to 0.61)0
 After hospital discharge, all trials‡31.16 (0.88 to 1.52)47
  • *Coded using PEDro rating scale.14

  • †Rate ratios used were those reported by the trial authors (ie, excluded were trials with rate ratios calculated by the review authors).

  • ‡All trials had a PEDro score ≥7.