Table 1

Summary of treatment options

Treatments that are possibly effectiveTreatments unlikely to be effectiveTreatments that may place the athlete at risk of adverse events
Drugs inhibiting arachidonic acid metabolismNeurotrophic factorsFree-radical scavengers
Calcium channel antagonistsTRH/TRH analoguesAntioxidants
CorticosteroidsDrugs that modify monoamine function
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy