Objectives—To evaluate the differences in strength and mobility of shoulder rotator muscles in the dominant and non-dominant shoulders of elite volleyball players.
Methods—Isokinetic muscle strength tests were performed at speeds of 60 and 120°/s, and shoulder mobility was examined in ten players from the England national men's volleyball squad. The subjects also completed a questionnaire that included a visual prompt and analogue pain scale.
Results—The range of motion of internal rotation on the dominant side was less than that on the non-dominant side (p<0.01). The average peak strength at 60°/s external eccentric contraction was lower than that of internal concentric contraction in the dominant arm, but was higher in the non-dominant arm. Six of the ten subjects reported a shoulder problem, described as a diffuse pain located laterally on the dominant shoulder.
Conclusions—These elite volleyball players had a lower range of motion (internal rotation) and relative muscle imbalance in the dominant compared with the non-dominant shoulder.
- rotator muscles
- isokinetic testing
- muscle imbalance
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